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Closer cooperation between EEA secretariats and WTO committees is essential to ensure that trade and environmental systems evolve in a coherent manner. This objective was recognized in the Implementation Plan for the 2002 World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, which calls for greater cooperation between UNEP and other UN bodies and specialized institutions, the Bretton Woods institutions and the WTO within their mandate. The guidelines for an AED are defined by the participating countries. The United Nations and the World Trade Organization are important intergovernmental organizations for forging and implementing agreements. In all these areas, the Union is a strong supporter of international environmental action and cooperation and an active player committed to promoting the concept of sustainable development around the world. In addition, the main light reference agreements have also been grouped according to general environmental themes according to the structure of the situation plan. Canada`s multilateral environmental agreements include air, biodiversity and ecosystems, chemicals and waste, climate change, environmental cooperation, oceans and oceans, and meteorology. [17] Canada has taken an initiative because of the diversity of Canada`s natural resources, climate and populated areas, all of which can contribute to environmental stress. Global environmental issues that MEAs are expected to address include biodiversity loss, the adverse effects of climate change, ozone depletion, hazardous waste, organic pollutants, marine pollution, trade in endangered species, destruction of wetlands, etc. The main international instruments that enable countries to cooperate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as multilateral environmental agreements (EAs). To date, there has been no formal dispute within the WTO over a measure under a multilateral environmental agreement.

However, the complexity of the relationship between environmental and trade rules was highlighted in the case of Chile Swordfish. Australia is known for its wide diversity of animal species and diverse environment, which encompasses beaches, deserts and mountains,[16] and climate change is a major problem. The country is under the largest hole in the world`s ozone layer, which has an impact on the environment. Australia`s proximity to Antarctica raises concerns about sea level rise and changes in ocean currents that affect the climate. The World Trade Organization participated in the ACCORD negotiations because of the trade impact of the agreements.